It’s tempting to view technologists and socially engaged artists as being diametrically opposed cultural figures in this, our desperate late capitalist year of 2014. Of course, such social media-driven simplifications are ephemeral and reductive. They’re useful for manipulating pageviews or simplifying a rhetorical turn in a master’s thesis or two, but little else.
In reality, there’s a great and untapped opportunity for civic-minded technologists to collaborate with similarly engaged artists on projects that address pressing needs within their cities and communities. What I envision goes far beyond interactive maps of public art locations. Instead, I would like to see deeper and more fruitful engagements between artists and technologists within the civic sphere. For example, a hypothetical site-specific work on gentrification within a neighborhood could benefit from a technology component. That might be a time-lapse map or visualization of the economic and demographic shifts within the neighborhood, or perhaps a location-aware walking tour guided by a simple smartphone app as well as SMS messages, for community members who do not own smartphones.
Artists engaged in civic practice may consider technologists to be a gentrifying force in their midst, even as they become increasingly reliant on the tools those technologists create. They may be unaware or even dismissive of the efforts of the civic technology movement, which has to date been more effective at engaging city officials, civic-minded geeks, and corporations in its efforts than artists or activists.
Conversely, civic technologists are unlikely to look at artists as social change agents, even though arts practice exists as a mature lever for community engagement and social change. Civic technology is a broad term, encompassing developers who build bus tracking apps, data analysts who work with nonprofits to enhance their advocacy efforts, and increasingly, city-led initiatives to release data sets and embrace open source technologies to increase efficiency and spur economic development.
In practice, civic technologists could learn much from artists engaged in social practice who are developing and experimenting with methodologies for listening, communicating, creating, and considering social justice issues.
We have two disparate groups of creative producers who are approaching similar problems from extremely different directions. Each group is likely to approach the other with some level of doubt, confusion, or even suspicion. As I straddle both circles in my personal and professional life, I’ve seen many opportunities for meaningful collaboration between the two groups.
Though I’m not a theatre artist myself, I’m a writer who has performed, and have worked with social change-focused arts organizations such as HowlRound and HATCH, the civic technology non-for-profit Code for America, and a number of technology companies and web-based social change publications. In conversations with HowlRound’s Polly Carl and Vijay Mathew, and my partner Michelle Dahlenburg, the artistic director of Austin’s Conspire Theatre, I’ve been introduced to the projects and essays of Michael Rohd, and drawn to his formulation of arts work as civic practice.
I believe that the civic-minded hackers, data analysts, and visual designers of the civic technology movement could offer much to axis of tools and needs that Michael Rohd details in his essay, “The New Work of Building Civic Practice.” In that essay, Rohd outlines an x axis of “theatre activity that is not limited to the production of plays, but rather is a set of tools, of assets, that theatre artists have access to because of our experience in producing plays,” and a y axis representing the “set of needs, or desired outcomes, that we might encounter at those non arts-based spaces—if we listen.”
Advocacy, dialogue, story-sharing, civic application, and cross-section innovation could all be bolstered by bringing civic technologists to the table in a thoughtful way. The connections that I foresee are deeper and potentially more valuable than merely connecting buzzwords such as “storytelling” or “innovation.” What I foresee is an opportunity to increase the capabilities and capacity of the actors in these disparate groups.
The act of “translation,” as Rohd puts it, is key to facilitating this process—finding a shared language for stakeholders and social change workers to facilitate discussion. Similarly, a collaboration between civic technologists and artists working in the sphere of civic practice will require some degree of translation. For example, in the technology sphere, “Bringing diverse groups into meaningful exchange with each other” often falls under the domain of user experience (UX) design, a process wherein designers and developers engage the end users of a given technology to discover their needs.
A common misreading of the civic tech movement is that it promotes technology as a panacea for all of the issues that face our cities and communities. Few among its members would make such a claim. Still it remains tempting for critics to conflate the corporate-sponsored promises of Orwellian smart cities with the efforts of well-intentioned, if economically privileged, geeks.
The discussions and collaborations that I propose here will no doubt present challenges. Rather than considering the ideological underpinnings of a project, technologists are more likely driven by the “ask for forgiveness, not permission” approach. Projects are launched while still in development and conceptually retrofitted. In many contexts, there are advantages to this approach of rapid development and quick iteration based on user feedback. But in the civic sphere, this attitude can lead to ill-considered projects with problematic implications, such as crime tracking apps that reify existing racial, class, and social divides.
To the credit of the civic technology community, it has grown increasingly self-critical and considerate of the potential implications of its work. But there is much work to be done, and an ongoing need to provide civic technologists with ways to assess and engage with a given community’s needs. What I propose is a mutually beneficial meeting of creative minds who are civically engaged, and have unique skills and perspectives to offer one another:
What can civic technologists take from the principles of art as civic practice?
- A conceptual shift, One of the most pointed critiques of civic technologists and their efforts is the problem of creating apps that address a small privileged group’s needs— perhaps as small as the technologist and their friends. Civic practice practitioners approach civic issues from the direction of existing needs, through processes and methods of engagement that could be revelatory to civic technologists.
- Greater consideration of the intersection of technology and social justice issues. While the civic technologist community has grown more considerate of the social justice implications of their work, the tech industry’s maxim of “ask for forgiveness, not permission” continues to underlie many of their projects. As a result, a preponderance of projects continue to address the civic needs of affluent white tech workers, and support neoliberal political and economic initiatives at the city, state, and federal level. Artists engaged in civic practice can offer a useful counter model, and help technologists more deeply investigate the needs of the communities that they profess to help, and the potential ideological implications of their work.
- New opportunities to solve social problems in innovative ways. Artists, and theatre artists in particular, are well situated to reconsider questions of how technology interacts with physical space, and the people and communities who inhabit that space.
What can artists and organizations who perform civic practice work gain from technologists?
- Familiarity with the tools and methodologies of open source projects. In many ways, HowlRound is an exemplar of this sort of collaboration, modeling a commons with a perspective equally informed by open source software development principles, and decades of thinking about the commons as a civic and artistic resource. On a practical level, technologists could offer plenty of useful knowledge and open source tools for cash-strapped arts organizations and theatre companies, whether building simple CRM donor databases or teaching how to make interactive maps and visualizations.
- New potential sources of funding for civic projects. There is little overlap between the organizations funding civic tech projects and the organizations and companies funding civic-focused arts projects. Hybrid projects could leverage a much wider field of potential funders.
- New storytelling media and opportunities. This is the most important opportunity to arise from such collaborations, which I will detail further in the next section.
What I propose remains largely hypothetical—while these dialogues do already happen, they exist primarily on backchannels, with few concrete and successful projects to point to as examples. But at the fringes of a number of projects and organizations I believe you can see connections taking root and collaborations forming.
In the abstract, you have projects like HowlRound, which are modeling a conception of the commons that draws upon both progressive organizing and open source software development. There are events like the Urban Prototyping festival, which bring technologists and artists together to rethink and redefine physical space. Performers such as Mike Daisey and Cory Arcangel critique the ideology of the tech industry while remaining, in part, implicated by their embrace of the industry’s products.
The true opportunities and potential lie in the dialogues and hybrid storytelling forms that can arise from such collaborations. Imagine a site-specific performance that addresses gentrification in conjunction with a location-aware mobile web app that provides additional context and statistical insight. A community-based performance that effectively surveys its intended audience via SMS messages that can be sent and received through any cell phone. New ways to engage and interact with communities on civic projects using the technologies that their members have access to.
As the Internet shrinks the world and precarious labor practices erode the economic stability of a wide swath of creative cultural producers, we’re all becoming hybrid creators. A talented visual artist facing down a mountain of student debt may resort to designing smartphone apps, while the artistic director of a small theatre company picks up Excel and HTML skills to support the company’s work and supplement her own income.
At the core of this is something rotten, a diminishing of the economic, academic, and civic institutions that once supported both a stable economy and a vibrant artistic community. Despite this, there has likely never been a time when so many educated creative producers have been engaged with the issues that affect their cities and community. Nor have their been so many opportunities to connect, discuss, debate, and collaborate on civic projects.
Not every conversation will be fruitful, nor will every collaboration be useful. But if we’re to make it through the next few decades supporting justice and a vibrant arts community, the only thing that’s going to save our asses is conversation, collaboration, and experimentation with the plethora of tools, skills, and types of storytelling forms that are at our disposal.
The SXSW Interactive 2014 panel that I organized with software developer and designer Emily Wright aims to help prompt such conversations. Our panel, Taking it to the Street: Neighborhood as Interface, will review successful cross-disciplinary collaborations between civic technologists and artists, and address some of the challenges and opportunities for collaborations between the two groups. It will be a call for conversation, not answers; I look forward to further discussion and potential collaborations that arise from the panel, and the thoughts of the HowlRound community.